ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Effect of Nausea and Vomiting on Anxiety and Depression Levels in Early Pregnancy
1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University School of Medicine, Çanakkale, Turkey  
2 Department of Psychiatry, Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University School of Medicine, Çanakkale, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2018; 50: 111-115
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.170320
Key Words: Pregnancy, nausea and vomiting, rhodes index, anxiety, depression


Objective: Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) have been reported to be associated with distinct physiological responses to psychosocial stress. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the impact of nausea and vomiting on anxiety and depression during pregnancy.

Materials and Methods
: Eighty-three pregnant women with nausea and vomiting and 83 healthy pregnant women were included. All participants completed the demography- and pregnancy-related questionnaire, including Rhodes Index of Nausea and Vomiting, Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS).

: The median BAI and EPDS levels were 13 (min-max: 0–43) and 7 (min-max: 0–20) for the study group and 4 (min-max: 0–26) and 4 (min-max: 0–16) for control group, respectively. A univariate analysis revealed a statistically significant increase in terms of BAI levels (p<0.001) between the groups, but no significant difference was observed in terms of EPDS. In a logistic regression analysis, both anxiety (p=0.018) and depression  (p=0.022) were found to be affected by NVP. The BAI levels of the NVP group correlated with the severity of NVP.

: According to the results of the present study, women with severe NVP experienced a higher level of anxiety and depression, which necessitates an extra awareness from healthcare professionals in order to be able to contribute effectively.

Cite this article as
: Beyazit F, Sahin B. Effect of nausea and vomiting on anxiety and depression levels in early pregnancy. Eurasian J Med 2018; 50: 111-5.

Key Words
Author’s Corner
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