ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Review
Tobacco Control Policies in Turkey in Terms of MPOWER
1 Department of Public Health, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2019; 51: 80-84
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18009
Key Words: Tobacco, MPOWER, Turkey, control policies, public health
Abstract

 

Tobacco consumption is a worldwide health problem threatening all, making no differentiation between gender, age, race, and cultural or educational background. Tobacco is responsible for 7 million deaths each year. Over 6 million deaths are directly related to tobacco consumption, and over 890.000 deaths involve non-smokers exposed to tobacco smoke. Although the harmful effects of cigarettes on human health have been confirmed repeatedly, still over 1 billion people worldwide are tobacco consumers, and according the World Health Organization (WHO), unless a strict action plan is implemented, tobacco-related deaths will rise to more than 8 million per year by 2030. The WHO published the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2003, which could form a common policy to guide countries in the struggle against tobacco. Tobacco control in the Convention is defined as “a range of supply, demand and harm reduction strategies that aim to improve the health of a population by eliminating or reducing their consumption of tobacco products and exposure to tobacco smoke.” This agreement was adopted by Turkey in 2004 with the Law No. 5261. In 2008, the WHO published the MPOWER package, containing the following six basic strategies, which are parallel with the Tobacco Framework Convention measures and practices:

1. Monitor tobacco use.

2. Protect people from tobacco smoke.

3. Offer help to quit tobacco use.

4. Warn about the dangers of tobacco.

5. Enforce bans on tobacco advertising and promotion.

6. Raise taxes on tobacco products.

In the 2013 Global Tobacco Control Report by the WHO, Turkey was announced as the first country achieving a high level of success in the six MPOWER strategies, and other countries were advised to adopt the Turkish policies. Here we review Turkey’s MPOWER tobacco control strategies one by one.

 

Cite this article as: Calikoglu EO, Koycegiz E. Tobacco Control Policies in Turkey in Terms of MPOWER. Eurasian J Med 2019; 51(1): 80-4.

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