ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Review
Tobacco Control Policies in Turkey in Terms of MPOWER
1 Department of Public Health, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.18009
Key Words: Tobacco, MPOWER, Turkey, Control Policies, Public Health
Abstract

Tobacco consumption is a worldwide health problem threatening all without any differentiation of sex, age, race, and cultural or educational background.Tobacco is responsible for 7 million deaths each year. More than 6 million of these deaths is directly related to tobacco consumption and more than 890.000 deaths, which are non-smokers exposed to tobacco smoke. Although the knowledge on harmful effects of cigarettes on human health have been confirmed repeatedly, still more than one billion people worldwide are tobacco consumers and as to estimations of the World Health Organization(WHO), it is stated that unless a strict action plan is implemented, tobacco-related deaths will rise to more than 8 million per year by the year 2030.The WHO published the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2003, which could form a common policy to guide countries in the struggle against tobacco.The definition of tobacco control in the Convention is made as “a range of supply, demand and harm reduction strategies that aim to improve the health of a population by eliminating or reducing their consumption of tobacco products and exposure to tobacco smoke”.This agreement was adopted by Turkey in 2004 with the Law No.5261.In 2008, the WHO published the MPOWER package containing the following 6 basic strategies, which are in parallel with the measures and practices in the Tobacco Framework Convention:

 

1.            Monitor tobacco use,

2.            Protect people from tobacco smoke,

3.            Offer help to quit tobacco use,

4.            Warn about the dangers of tobacco,

5.            Enforce bans on tobacco advertising and promotion,

6.            Raise taxes on tobacco products.”

 

In the 2013 Global Tobacco Control Report of the WHO, Turkey was announced as the first country achieving high-level success in the six MPOWER strategies and
other countries were advised to adopt the Turkish policies.  SEGSTART:5895f5b8-08a4-43ec-8fc9-29f5f5c249a1:33We reviewed Turkey's MPOWER tobacco control 
strategies one by one.
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