The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Review

Anatomical-Based Imaging of Cystic Echinococcosis and Review of the Current Literature

1.

Radiology Clinic, Regional Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2022; 54: Supplement S1-S9
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2022.22309
Read: 776 Downloads: 355 Published: 01 December 2022

Echinococcosis is a zoonosis caused by cestodes of the genus Echinococcus. This serious disease continues to be an important public health problem as it is endemic in many parts of the world. Cystic disease affects many organs in the body, most commonly the liver. Hydatid disease can cause a diverse spectrum of symptoms, from asymptomatic infection to potential death. In the presence of clinical suspicion, the diagnosis is made by serology and imaging methods. Imaging findings can range from completely cystic lesions to completely solid appearance and calcification. The imaging method to be used depends on the involved organ and the stage of the cyst. The updated recommendations of the World Health Organization-Echinococcosis Informal Working Group for the stage and treatment of human echinococcosis have had important implications. Accordingly, there are 4 approaches to the clinical management of hydatid disease: surgery, percutaneous techniques and drug therapy for active cysts, and a “watch and wait” approach for inactive cysts. Since it directly affects the treatment, it is necessary to be familiar with the imaging findings of the cyst, especially in endemic areas.

Cite this article as: Yesilyurt M, Esdur V. Anatomicalbased imaging of cystic echinococcosis and review of the current literature. Eurasian J Med., 2022;54(Suppl. 1):S1-S9.

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