The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Effect of Early Orthopedic Rehabilitation on Development of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1

1.

Department of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2020; 52: 110-114
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2020.19231
Read: 443 Downloads: 371 Published: 26 March 2020

Objective: Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a syndrome usually occurring in one extremity and characterized by pain, tenderness with palpation, and symptoms of autonomic nervous system dysfunction. An essential factor in the etiology of CRPS is immobilization of the extremity as a result of a fracture. Delaying the start of physical medicine and rehabilitation program after removal of the plaster or splint may increase the rates of CRPS development in patients with fractures. This study aims to determine a direct relationship between delay time in rehabilitation and CRPS development.

Materials and Methods: Patients admitted to our physical therapy and rehabilitation outpatient clinic within the last 3 years (January 2016 to January 2018) for orthopedic rehabilitation following fractures were retrospectively analyzed. CRPS development status, the delay time for the rehabilitation program was determined in 38 CRPS patients of 91 patients with fractures. Probit regression was used to reveal the relationship between delay time for rehabilitation and CRPS development.

Results: CRPS development rates were decreased by years (48.71% in 2016, 43.47% in 2017, and 31.03% in 2018). When cases in 2016 were taken as a reference, it was seen that cases in 2017 and 2018 were exposed to CRPS approximately 0.03% and 16% lower than the reference year, 2016. A delay of one day exposes the patient to approximately 0.35% more CRPS.

Conclusion: As the delay time for rehabilitation in our clinic decreased, the incidence of CRPS decreased. The awareness of physicians and patients about the importance of early rehabilitation should be improved.

Cite this article as: Baygutalp F, Kul A. Effect of Early Orthopedic Rehabilitation on Development of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Type 1. Eurasian J Med 2020; 52(2): 110-4.

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