The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Effect of Swimming Exercise on Respiratory Muscle Strength and Respiratory Functions in Children with Autism

1.

Department of Physical Education and Sports, Gaziantep University, Faculty of Sports Science, Gaziantep Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2023; 55: 135-139
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2023.22118
Read: 856 Downloads: 385 Published: 01 June 2023

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the effects of swimming exercise on respiratory muscle strength and respiratory functions in children with autism. Autism is a mental disorder that affects many areas such as sensory, cognitive, motor, and psycho-motor development in individuals.

Materials and Methods: For this purpose, 15 individuals with autism, 8 of which were in the experimental group and 7 in the control group, participated in the study. The experimental group was subjected to swim- ming exercise for 1 hour, 3 days a week, for 6 weeks. The control group was not included in this exercise. Respiratory muscle strength and pulmonary function tests were applied to both groups before and after the 6-week period. The obtained data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences Program Version 22.0. Values were presented as minimum, maximum, mean, standard deviation, and standard error. The Shapiro-Wilk test was used to test for normality. Paired-sample t-test was used for pre-test and post- test, and independent-sample t-test was used for intergroup analysis.

Results: At the end of 6 weeks, according to the statistical analysis data, there was a significant difference in some of the respiratory function parameters of the experimental group (P < .05), and an improvement was observed in the respiratory muscle strength values, but no significant difference was found (P > .05). No significant difference was found in the respiratory functions of the control group as a result of respiratory muscle strength measurements (P > .05).

Conclusion: As a result, we can say that swimming exercise is effective in improving respiratory muscle strength and respiratory functions in children with autism.

Cite this article as: Adin E., Pancar Z. Effect of swimming exercise on respiratory muscle strength and respiratory functions in children with autism. Eurasian J Med., 2023;55(2):135-139.

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