The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Effects of Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Variations on Chronic Otitis Media Development in Pediatric Patients


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Sağlık Bilimleri University Training and Research Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kastamonu University School of Medicine, Kastamonu, Turkey


Department Of Public Health, Ankara Health Directorate, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey


Palandöken State Hospital, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2021; 53: 231-234
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20167
Read: 49 Downloads: 36 Published: 28 October 2021

Objective: Chronic otitis media is an inflammatory disease of the middle ear. The airflow in the nasal passage
affects the development of mastoid air cells through the eustachian tube.Nasal and paranasal pathologies and their anatomical variations cause chronic sinonasal inflammation and affect the middle ear mucosa. This study aims to reveal whether the nasal and paranasal sinus variations in pediatric patients are a factor in developing chronic otitis media.

Materials and Methods: Eighty patients, with unilateral chronic otitis media, who were admitted to the otorhinolaryngology clinic between May 2015 and July 2019, were included in this retrospective study. The control group (Group 2) consisted of a total of 51 patients. None of the patients in Group 2 had otorrhea history and no signs of chronic otitis in their otoscopic examination, middle ear pathologies. The patient’s anatomical variations of the nasal cavity and sinuses were evaluated with CT by a radiologist

Results: Nasal septum deviation was found to be 53% in children with chronic otitis media. It was found 31.4% in the control group. Since the P value was found to be .04, this rate was considered as significant. Inferior concha hypertrophy was found to be 17.6% in the control group and 38.8% in the group with chronic otitis media, and this rate was considered significant since the P value was .035

Conclusion: We detected that septum deviation and inferior concha hypertrophy increased chronic otitis media formation in children. All these studies show that cases causing nasal obstruction, such as septum deviation, have a negative effect on middle ear pressure and increase the rate of ear diseases

Cite this article as: Atila NE, Topal K, Bulut YE, Kaya Z, Arslan B. Effects of Nasal and Paranasal Sinus Variations on Chronic Otitis Media Development in Pediatric Patients. Eurasian J Med 2021; 53(3):231–234

EISSN 1308-8742