The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Fall Risk in Patient with Behcet’s Disease and Related Factors

1.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2022; 54: 67-71
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2022.20368
Read: 291 Downloads: 92 Published: 01 February 2022

Objective: Balance disorders and related falls can cause serious situations that affect the lives of a large number of people and may even be fatal. We have not found any studies about fall risk in Behçet’s disease in the literature before. In this trial, we aimed to investigate the fall risk in patients with Behçet’s disease using an objective computerized technique and evaluated the risk factors for falls in these patients.

Materials and Methods: We have included 65 patients with Behçet’s disease and 50 controls in this study. Their vitamin D levels, vitamin B12 levels, and magnesium levels were also determined. The Behçet’s Current Activity Index was used for evaluating disease activity. We used the Falls Efficacy Scale International to evaluate fall efficiency. Tetrax Interactive Balance System was used for posturographic evaluation to objectively determine balance and fall risk.

Results: The Behçet’s Current Activity Indices of the patients were 4.17 ± 1.99 (mean ± standard deviation). Fall anamnesis, fall risk assessment, Falls Efficacy Scale International, and visual analog scale levels in the patient group were higher than in the control group. There were also significant differences between the 2 groups for fall anamnesis, fall risk assessment, and visual analog scale values. We found a statistically significant correlation between fall risk with visual analog scale (r=0.437, P < .001) and the Behçet’s Current Activity Index (r=0.366, P=.003).

Conclusion: Our study found that fall risk was higher in patients with Behçet’s disease than in the control group after evaluation by an objective computerized technique. An increase in the risk of falling seems to be related to the activity of the disease.

Cite this article as: Uzkeser H, Kul A, Arslan Y. Fall risk in patient with Behcet’s disease and related factors. Eurasian J Med 2022;54(1):67-71.

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