The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Is There a Relationship Between Epitaxis and Anatomical Variations?


Department of Ear Nose and Throat, Erzincan University School of Medicine, Mengucek Training and Research Hospital, Erzincan, Turkey


Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2020; 52: 136-138
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2020.19222
Read: 733 Downloads: 271 Published: 05 June 2020

Objective: The aim of our study is to introduce the relationship between epistaxis and anatomical variations and present the current treatment approach.

Materials and Methods: Forty-five patients (28 males and 17 females) that presented to otorhinolaryngology clinics at Mengucek Gazi Training and Research Hospital with pre-diagnosed epistaxis between October 2018 and April 2019 were included in the study. Age, sex and structural causes and anatomical localization of epistaxis in patients were analysed.

Results: The median age of the patients was 42, ranging from 20 to 60 years. Focus of bleeding was observed on the right in 16 cases (35.5%), left in 14 cases (31.1%) and bilateral in nasal cavity in 15 cases (33.3%). Bleeding was from the anterior septum in front of the maxillary ostium line. Anatomical variations were seen in 31 patients (68.8%) (septal deviation in 12, septal perforation in two, and concha hypertrophy in 17).

Conclusion: Epistaxis is one of the most common ear, nose, and throat emergencies. Etiological reasons must be analysed for the treatment to be effective.

Cite this article as: Salcan İ, Olgun A. Epistaxis and Anatomical Variations. Eurasian J Med 2020; 52(2): 136-8.

EISSN 1308-8742