The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Parathyroid Hormone on Osteoprotegerin Levels in Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism


Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara City Hospital, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Nuclear Medicine, Sabuncuoğlu Şerefeddin Training and Research Hospital, Amasya, Turkey


Division of Endocrinology, Department of Internal Medicine, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Biochemistry, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Department of Internal Medicine, University of Amasya Faculty of Medicine, Amasya, Turkey


Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara City Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2022; 54: 225-228
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.21197
Read: 884 Downloads: 389 Published: 01 October 2022

Objective: Osteoprotegerin is a glycoprotein that plays a major role in the regulation of bone turnover. The influence of parathyroid hormone, an important regulator of bone remodeling, on osteoprotegerin production is controversial. The purpose of the study was to assess the influence of parathyroid hormone on the circulating level of osteoprotegerin in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism by comparing it with healthy controls.

Materials and Methods: Forty-four patients with biochemical verification of primary hyperparathyroidism scheduled for the surgical cure and 38 healthy subjects were included. Blood samples of the study group were taken before surgery. Levels of serum parathyroid hormone, osteoprotegerin, calcium, 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], and alkaline phosphatase were analyzed. Bone mineral density at the L1-L4 vertebrae and femoral neck was calculated by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry.

Results: Osteoprotegerin levels and bone mineral density values were significantly lower in patients than in the healthy subjects (P=.002 and P < .0001, respectively). There was no correlation between osteoprotegerin and parathyroid hormone in the groups. Osteoprotegerin was weakly correlated with bone mineral density in patients. No correlation was noted between osteoprotegerin and bone mineral density in the control group. Furthermore, osteoprotegerin levels were not correlated with calcium, 25(OH)D, and alkaline phosphatase levels in each group.

Conclusion: The production of osteoprotegerin appears to be inhibited by parathyroid hormone in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. A weak positive correlation found among osteoprotegerin and bone mineral density recommends that osteoprotegerin may be a molecule that impacts bone metabolism and finally bone mineral density.

Cite this article as: Okudan B, Seven B, Çağrı Karcı A, Fevzi Kılınçkaya M, Çapraz M, Turhan T, Gülaldı NCM. Parathyroid hormone on osteoprotegerin levels in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Eurasian J Med., 2022;54(3):225-228.

EISSN 1308-8742