The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Protective Effects of Alpha Lipoic Acid Against Ionizing Radiation- Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats

1.

Atatürk University, Vocational School of Health Services, Erzurum, Turkey

2.

Ataturk University, Faculty of Dentistry, Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, Erzurum, Turkey

3.

Department of Radiation Oncology, Health Sciences University Erzurum Regional Training and Research Hospital, Yakutiye-Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2023; 55: 104-108
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2023.0148
Read: 907 Downloads: 408 Published: 01 June 2023

Objective: Radiation is used to treat cancer but causes serious complications, such as liver toxicity. In this study, the protective effects of alpha lipoic acid against the unwanted effects of radiation used in many cancer treatments which can cause damage after treatment were investigated.

Material and Methods: The sample consisted of 32 Sprague–Dawley male rats randomized equally into 4 groups. The control group received no intervention. The alpha lipoic acid group was administered 50 mg/kg (dissolved in 0.9% NaCl) for 3 days. The ionizing radiation group was exposed to a total of 30 Gy radiation in 10 Gy fractions per day. The ionizing radiation+alpha lipoic acid group was administered 50 mg/kg alpha lipoic acid® prior to exposure to a total of 30 Gy radiation in 10 Gy fractions per day. Rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation, and the liver was removed for histopathological studies and superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde assays. Liver tissues were histopathologically assessed using hematoxylin-eosin staining after 4 weeks of the experiment.

Results: The ionizing radiation + alpha lipoic acid group had significantly less severe necrosis than the ionizing radiation group. Compared to the ionizing radiation group and the ionizing radiation + alpha lipoic acid group, superoxide dismutase enzyme activity was decreased with the addition of alpha lipoic acid. In addition, when the amount of malondialdehyde, which is a marker of oxidative stress, was examined, it was determined that the amount of malondialdehyde in the ionizing radiation + alpha lipoic acid group was lower than in the ionizing radiation Group.

Conclusion: Alpha lipoic acid® mitigates radiotherapy-induced damage in liver tissue.

Cite this article as: Gezer A, Laloglu A, Kirli Bolukbas M. Protective effects of alpha lipoic acid against ionizing radiation-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Eurasian J Med., 2023;55(2), 104-108.

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