The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Rapid Identification of Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time of Flight using Vitek® Mass Spectrometry System

1.

Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of Milano-Bicocca, Azienda Socio Sanitaria Territoriale di Monza ASST-Monza, Desio Hospital, Desio (MB), Italy

2.

Department of Infectious - Tropical Diseases and Microbiology, IRCCS Sacro Cuore - Don Calabria Hospital, Negrar (Verona), Italy

Eurasian J Med 2019; 51: 209-213
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.18405
Read: 389 Downloads: 59 Published: 16 October 2019

Objective: The analysis of the protein pattern of Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing strains by Bruker Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization (MALDI) Biotyper system has revealed the presence, in the majority of cases, of an 11.109 m/z peak. The peak corresponds to the gene product named p019 of the blaKPC-bearing plasmids and has been suggested as a candidate for a biomarker that is able to distinguish KPC-producers from non-KPC-producers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rapid detection of the 11.109 m/z peak of KPC-producer strains in the clinical laboratory routine by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) technique, using the Vitek® Research-User-Only (RUO) Mass Spectrometry (MS) system without changing the instrument parameters.
 

Materials and Methods: Globally, 373 K. pneumoniae isolates were investigated and identified by MALDI-TOF MS analysis. KPC-producers were distinguished from non-KPC-producers by Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (AST) and phenotypic carbapenemase resistance assays.
 

Results: The MALDI-TOF Vitek MS RUO detected the 11.109 m/z peak in 95.7% of KPC-producers with 100% specificity before traditional test results became available.
 

Conclusion: Our approach is appropriate as a first screening step for the rapid identification of KPC isolates, which will help to improve infection control in clinical practice and prevent the outbreak and dissemination of resistant bacteria.

 

Cite this article as: Gaia Rocco V, Intra J, Sarto C, et al. Rapid Identification of Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae strains by Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization-Time of Flight using Vitek® Mass Spectrometry System. Eurasian J Med 2019; 51(3): 209-13.

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ISSN1308-8734 EISSN 1308-8742