The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Review

SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Candidate Biomarkers

1.

Health Services Vocational School, Bayburt University, Bayburt, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2022; 54: Supplement S16-S22
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2022.22305
Read: 97 Downloads: 33 Published: 01 December 2022

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 is a virus that can still infect individuals and whose deadly effects continue despite the current vaccines and drugs. Since 2019, many studies on the pathogenesis of the disease have been completed and continue to be done. In addition to the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, many molecules that can be markers of the disease have been investigated. In the early stages of the pandemic, many nonspecific and infection-related laboratory findings and chest computed tomography were used to obtain information about the diagnosis of the disease. The more individual molecules became associated with the disease yet. The purpose of this review is to summarize the impact and role of many molecules associated with coronavirus disease-2019 infection that have been previously used and newly revealed. Numerous studies are summarized in this review. The obtained data show that previously used laboratory findings and new potential biomarkers are not specific to the disease. New potential biomarkers have been associated with the severity of the disease itself, as can be seen with lung imaging and even with routine laboratory findings. One of the important points that are seen frequently in studies is that the effectiveness of these molecules has been shown not only in coronavirus disease-2019 infection but also in many other diseases. This removes the pathogenesis of the disease from being a unique mechanism created by the Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 and provides a general perspective formed by viral or bacterial infections. However, there are still many molecular changes that need to be investigated. Future studies will continue to update themselves with the mutations of the virus.

Cite this article as: Karabulut Uzunçakmak S. SARSCoV-2 infection and candidate biomarkers. Eurasian J Med., 2022;54(Suppl. 1), S16-S22.

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