The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

The Association of HLA Class I and II Antigens in Teenagers with Caries Experience

Eurasian J Med 2009; 41: 146-148
Read: 1066 Downloads: 1007 Published: 03 September 2019



Objective: There have been reports of a relationship between human histocompatibility antigen types and increased incidence of dental caries. The association between specific patterns of HLA genetic inheritance is not clear and not well studied. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between MHC alleles and DMFT index in 65 teenagers.


Materials and Methods: Sixty-five teenagers were recruited from the students of elementary school of the university campus and the patients of the Ataturk University Dental School hospital. Low-resolution typing for the HLA-A, B, C and HLA-DR/DQ were performed by PCR-SSP method using SSP HLA class I generic DNA Typing Tray.

Results: The results showed that HLA-DRB1*04 and –DRB1*07 frequencies were significantly higher (30.4% and 26.08% respectively) in DMFT≥1 group as compared with DMFT:0 group (10.5% and 5.26%), (p:0.168, OR:3.719; p:0.117, OR:6.353). Although frequencies of HLA-A*2, -B*27 and –B*51 alleles were increased in DMFT≥1 group, they were not statically important. HLA-DRB1*11 were found to be more common in DMFT: 0 groups.

Conclusions: The pathogens involve in caries induce immune systems and response via the given HLA alleles could be important.

EISSN 1308-8742