The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

The Effects of Amlodipine on the Biochemical and Histopathological Changes in the Rabbit Ileum Subjected to Ischemia-Reperfusion

Eurasian J Med 2011; 43: 33-38
DOI: 10.5152/eajm.2011.07
Read: 498 Downloads: 245 Published: 03 September 2019

Abstract

 

Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the potential, protective effects of amlodipine in an experimental, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) model in the rabbit small intestine.

Materials and Methods: The rabbits were divided into four groups: sham-operated, amlodipine (10 mg/kg) + sham-operated, I/R, and I/R + amlodipine (10 mg/kg) groups. An intestinal I/R model was applied to the rabbits. The superior mesenteric artery was occluded for 1 h with an atraumatic vascular clamp and then was reperfused for 2 h. Animals in the amlodipine and I/R + amlodipine groups received the amlodipine by oral gavage. At the end of the 2-h-reperfusion period, the animals were sacrificed.

Results: Pretreatment with amlodipine significantly increased SOD activity and GSH levels to values close to those found in the serum from the I/R group. Rabbits in the I/R group showed high levels of serum MDA. Amlodipine pretreatment significantly reduced the serum MDA levels compared to the I/R group, although the MDA levels in the I/R + amlodipine group were still higher than in the sham-operated group. The I/R damage was ameliorated by amlodipine pretreatment, as evidenced by histopathological analysis.

Conclusion: The present study is the first to report an attenuation of I/R-induced intestinal injury by the systemic administration of amlodipine.

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