The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

The Effects of Laboratory Parameters on the Prognosis of COVID-19

1.

Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

2.

Department of Public Health, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

3.

Department of Biochemistry, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

4.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2022; 54: 242-247
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2022.22031
Read: 141 Downloads: 58 Published: 01 October 2022

Objective: While the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is an ongoing issue across the world, understanding the course of the disease is important for early diagnosis and treatment. We aimed, with this study, to determine the differences between laboratory parameters in different clinical pictures of coronavirus disease 2019.

Materials and Methods: The study included 443 patients who presented to Atatürk University Medical Faculty Hospital between March 15, 2020, and June 15, 2020, and were diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 upon a positive Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) result. The hospitalized patients were divided into 4 groups based on their clinical status. The roles of these markers in determining the severity of coronavirus disease 2019 were statistically evaluated.

Results: A total of 443 patients with RT-PCR confirmation were included in the study. The mean age was 46.0 ± 19.1 years and 54.4% of the patients were male. According to the clinical classification, 16.3% of the cases were asymptomatic, 25.7% uncomplicated, 35.7% mild/moderate, and 22.3% severe. The first 3 most frequent symptoms were cough (21.3%), fever (17.7%), and fatigue (15.5%). Hypertension (36.1%) was the major comorbidity among the patients. During the follow-up of severe cases, 39.4% developed the need for intensive care. The overall mortality rate, on the other hand, was 4.7%. Regarding laboratory parameters, procalcitonin (PCT), serum ferritin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein, neutrophil count, D-dimer, troponin, and lactate dehydrogenase were at the highest level in the severe patient group while albumin, platelet, and lymphocyte count were found to be at the lowest level in the same group. A statistically significant difference was detected between the groups (P < .001).

Conclusion: The increase in C-reactive protein, PCT, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, ferritin, troponin, D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase, and neutrophil count and the decrease in albumin, platelet, and lymphocyte count are significant in the severe patient group; it has been concluded that they can be used to determine the severity of coronavirus disease 2019.

Cite this article as: Kesmez Can F, Alay H, Albayrak A, et al. The effects of laboratory parameters on the prognosis of COVID-19. Eurasian J Med., 2022;54(3):242-247.

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