The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

The Investigation of Radiographic Findings of Mandibles on Panoramic Radiographs of Patients with Primary Hyperparathyroidism Using Fractal Analysis


Department of Oral Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, Atatürk University School of Dentistry, Erzurum, Turkey


Department of Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Radiology, Sakarya University School of Dentistry, Sakarya, Turkey


Department of Endocrinology, Internal Medical Sciences, Atatürk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2021; 53: 185-191
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2021.20140
Read: 1468 Downloads: 549 Published: 01 October 2021

Objective: The basis of the research is the application of fractal analysis (FA) to panoramic radiographs of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). In addition, the relationship between the relevant biochemistry parameters and fractal values of healthy controls and patients with PHPT will be evaluated.

Materials and Methods: In the current study, FA was performed with ImageJ program on panoramic radiographs of 48 patients diagnosed with PHPT. Fractal dimension (FD) values of the patients and 48 healthy subjects were compared. In addition, biochemical [parathyroid hormone (PTH), serum calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and vitamin D] parameters and FD values of both groups were analyzed with Mann–Whitney U-tests and Pearson correlation coefficient (P < .05).

Results: FD values of four different angular areas were significantly lower in the patient group than in the healthy group (P < .05). There was no statistically significant difference between the patient and control groups in the measurements between the apexes of the right and left premolar and molar teeth. The mean PTH, Ca, P, and vitamin D values of the patients with PHPT and control group were highly significant, and all the parameters of the patient group showed higher values than the control group except for the P values (P < .001). In the patient group and control group, there was no significant difference between mean ALP values (P = .48). No correlation was found between the two groups.

Conclusion: Bone biopsy is the gold standard method for the diagnosis of bone structure changes in patients with PHPT. However, it is not used routinely because it is an invasive method. The FA method applied to panoramic radiographs may be used as a noninvasive, easy-to-apply method to reveal the changes in the trabecular structure of the jaw bones of the patients.

Cite this article as: Canturk F, Miloglu O, Gumussoy I, Dayanan R. The Investigation of radiographic findings of mandibles on of with primary hyperparathyroidism using fractal analysis. Eurasian J Med. 2021; 53 (3):185–191

EISSN 1308-8742