The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

The Relationships between Prenatal Attachment, Basic Personality Traits, Styles of Coping with Stress, Depression, and Anxiety, and Marital Adjustment Among Women in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy

1.

Department of Psychiatry, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

2.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

3.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Dr. Zekai Tahir Burak Women’s Health Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2019; 51: 232-236
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.15302
Read: 282 Downloads: 63 Published: 16 October 2019

Objective: The importance of prenatal attachment, probably as the initial attachment of a pregnant woman to the fetus and which turn into the maternal–baby attachment after birth, for the well-being of the newborn and mother is well known. The aim of the present study was to explore the possible socio-demographic and clinical factors (personality features, styles used in coping with stress, depression, and situational anxiety levels, and marital adjustment) affecting maternal–fetal attachment.
 

Materials and Methods: Eighty women on their third trimesters of pregnancy were included in the study. After examination by a psychiatrist, a detailed socio-demographic form and scales including Prenatal Attachment Inventory, Basic Personality Traits Scale, Coping with Stress Attitudes Inventory, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-1, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Marital Adjustment Scale were applied.
 

Results: Educational level, marital adjustment, social support, and turning to religion as a coping mechanism with stress were found to be positively correlated with prenatal attachment scores. The duration of marriage and number of giving births and the avoidance/disengagement subscale of Coping with Stress Scale and BDI scores were negatively correlated with prenatal attachment scores. A BDI score of ≥17 (this score suggests moderate and/or severe symptoms of depression) was found to be an independent and a negative variable on prenatal attachment.
 

Conclusion: We suggest that the detection of symptoms of depression and other factors that may affect prenatal attachment, may help shed light to the interventions to be performed to improve the quality of maternal–fetal attachment by society and governments.

 

Cite this article as: Ozcan H, Ustundag MF, Yilmaz M, Aydinoglu U, Ersoy AO, Yapar Eyi EG. The Relationships between Prenatal Attachment, Basic Personality Traits, Styles of Coping with Stress, Depression, and Anxiety, and Marital Adjustment Among Women in the Third Trimester of Pregnancy. Eurasian J Med 2019; 51(3): 232-6.

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ISSN1308-8734 EISSN 1308-8742