ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
The Clinical Importance of the Plasma Atherogenic Index, Other Lipid Indexes, and Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion in Patients with Stroke
1 Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sütçü İmam University, Kahramanmaras, Turkey  
2 Department of Neurology, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey  
3 Department of Clinic Biochemistry, Sütçü İmam University School of Medicine, Kahramanmaras, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2019; 51: 171-175
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.18350
Key Words: Atherosclerosis, hypertension, lipid indexes, plasma atherogenic index, stroke
Abstract

 

Objective: Cardiovascular complications are still the primary reason for high mortality rates worldwide. The determination of risk factors is important to prevent stroke. The aim of the present study was to analyze the importance of serum lipid indexes and urinary sodium (Na)/potassium (K) excretion in patients with stroke together with sex differences.

 

Materials and Methods: A total of 50 (28 male and 22 female, mean age 65.9±14.6 years) patients with acute stroke were included in the study group, and 32 body mass index-matched healthy subjects were included in the control group. Lipid profiles [(cholesterol, triglyceride, very low-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL)], serum creatinine (Cre), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), and Na, K, and Cre excretion in spot urine samples of the patients were recorded.

 

Results: Systolic blood pressure (p=0.021), ESR (p=0.044), and CRP (p=0.042) were significantly higher in all patients in the stroke group; urinary Tanaka (K) (p=0.033), Kawazaki (K) (p=0.028), urinary spot Cre (p=0.012), and Na excretion (p=0.036) levels were found to be significantly lower in only male patients with stroke. The mean plasma atherogenic indexes were 0.57±0.24 in the study (stroke) group and 0.54±0.22 in the control group (p=0.61). Other lipid indexes, such as Castelli’s risk index (CRI)-I (p=0.29), CRI-II (p=0.24), atherogenic coefficient (p=0.29), and non-HDL cholesterol (p=0.69), were not statistically different from the controls.

 

Conclusion: Urinary Na, K, and Cre excretion was significantly lower in male patients with stroke, and acute phase reactants were significantly higher in the entire stroke group than in controls. These parameters can be used as auxiliary biomarkers in the risk assessment of stroke.

 

Cite this article as: Koca TT, Tugan CB, Seyithanoglu M, Kocyigit BF. The Clinical Importance of the Plasma Atherogenic Index, Other Lipid Indexes, and Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion in Patients with Stroke. Eurasian J Med 2019; 51(2): 171-5.

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