ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Invited Review
Update on Thrombolytic Therapy in Acute Pulmonary Thromboembolism
1 Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med 2019; 51: 186-190
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.19291
Key Words: Pulmonary embolism, thrombolytic therapy, fibrinolytic agents
Abstract

Thrombolytic treatment accelerates the dissolution of thrombus in acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) and is potentially a lifesaving treatment. High-risk PTE is the clearest indication for this therapy, and its use in intermediate-risk cases is still controversial. A PTE response team may enable a rapid and effective determination of risk and treatment in these controversial clinical cases. Approved thrombolytic agents for the PTE treatment are streptokinase, urokinase, and alteplase. Currently, the most widely used agent is alteplase. It has a short infusion time (2 h) and a rapid effect. Newer, unapproved agents for the PTE treatment are tenecteplase and reteplase. The active resolution of thrombus via thrombolytic agents improves rapidly pulmonary perfusion, hemodynamic defect, gas exchange, and right ventricular dysfunction. However, it is important to determine appropriate candidates carefully, to prevent hemorrhage, which is the most important side effect of these drugs. Catheter-directed thrombolysis seems to be an alternative in patients not eligible for systemic thrombolytic therapy.

 

Cite this article as: Yilmazel Ucar E. Update on Thrombolytic Therapy in Acute Pulmonary Thromboembolism. Eurasian J Med 2019; 51(2): 185-9.

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