ISSN 1308-8734 | E-ISSN 1308-8742
Original Article
Auditory Functions of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome
1 Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Erzurum, Turkey  
Eurasian J Med ; : -
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.18373
Key Words: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome; Hearing; Pure tone audiometry; Transient evoked otoacoustic emissions
Abstract

Objective: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a respiratory disease occurring during sleep. In order for the hearing system to be able to function normally, the inner ear and cochlear nerve require healthy oxygen support. The purpose of this study was to assess the hearing functions of patients with OSAS and to reveal the relations between polysomnographic parameters and hearing test results.

 

Materials and Methods: The study was performed with 35 patients diagnosed with moderate or severe OSAS with polysomnography, and a control group consist of 30 individuals. The STOP-Bang questionnaire was used to establish the control group. Detailed otoscopic examinations were administered to all subjects by the same otolaryngologist, followed by tympanogram, pure tone audiometry and transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAE) tests.

 

Results: We determined a mild sensorineural hearing loss in patients with OSAS. When the different frequencies were evaluated separately, hearing threshold values in the patients with OSAS were significantly higher compared to the control group at 500, 1000, 2000, 4000 and 8000 Hz in the both ears. TEOAE test reproducibility values in both ears were significantly lower in the study group compared to the control group.

 

Conclusion: The hearing system is affected to varying degrees in patients with OSAS. In the event that hearing loss is detected in patients presenting to otolaryngology clinics due to snoring, then assessing these subjects in terms of risk of OSAS may important in terms of reducing mortality and morbidity that may develop at later stages in association with OSAS.

 

You may cite this article as: Gozeler MS, Kilic K, Sakat MS, Sengoz F. In Auditory Functions of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Eurasian J Med 2019; 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2019.18373.

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