The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Review

A Focus on Intra-Abdominal Sepsis with Biomarkers: A Literature Review

1.

Department of General Surgery, Atatürk University Faculty of Medicine, Erzurum, Turkey

Eurasian J Med 2022; 54: Supplement S66-S70
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2022.22296
Read: 126 Downloads: 39 Published: 01 December 2022

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection according to the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock definitions. It is a clinical condition with high morbidity and mortality due to its complex pathophysiology and lack of a complete treatment. It constitutes a significant economic burden because it constitutes a substantial part of intensive care patients, and the treatment process is lengthy and costly. Therefore, early diagnosis and treatment of the disease are essential. After pneumonia, an essential source of sepsis is intra-abdominal infection. Due to the presence of multiple and polymicrobial sources of infection, abdominal sepsis progresses more seriously. The effective treatment of intra-abdominal infection consists of early recognition of the disease, control of the source, appropriate antibiotic therapy, and stabilization in the intensive care setting with an excellent surgical approach. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library. Two authors reviewed all identified abstracts and selected articles for full-text review. We included original studies assessing mediators in intraabdominal sepsis. Inflammatory and protein mediators such as acute phase protein and chemokine cytokines play an essential role in intra-abdominal sepsis. In clinical practice, white blood cell count, C-reactive protein, and procalcitonin are the most used parameters in the definition of abdominal infection. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-6, high-mobility group protein B1, and presepsin are other markers with high diagnostic efficiency, even though they are not used routinely. Despite everything, there is a need for highly effective markers that can be used in the diagnosis and follow-up of sepsis. Great hope is attached to these markers. This review aims to discuss the importance of the most used markers in the diagnosis and follow-up of abdominal sepsis and the markers on which there are essential studies in light of current literature.

Cite this article as: Peksöz R, Ağırman E, Şentürk F, Albayrak Y, Atamanalp SS. A focus on intra-abdominal sepsis with biomarkers: A literature review. Eurasian J Med., 2022;54(Suppl. 1), S66-S70.

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