The Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Original Article

Factors Associated with Good Seizure Control in Patients on Valproic Acid


Department of Pharmacy, Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Pahang, Malaysia


Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin School of Pharmacy, Terengganu, Malaysia


Department of Medical, Hospital Sungai Buloh, Jalan Hospital, Selangor, Malaysia

Eurasian J Med 2020; 52: 41-46
DOI: 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2020.19039
Read: 624 Downloads: 310 Published: 27 February 2020

Objective: This study aims to generate a reference range for valproic acid (VPA) in this cohort and determine the factors associated with good seizure control in patients taking this drug.

Materials and Methods: We conducted a prospective, cohort, observational study among patients with epilepsy who received VPA treatment at Hospital Kuala Lumpur. The patients were considered to have good control if they had a 50% or higher seizure reduction in the one-year study period compared with the previous year. The VPA reference range was generated from those patients who had good control and whose drug concentration values were available. Multiple logistic regression analysis with a backward likelihood ratio method was applied to assess the predicting factors for good seizure control.

Results: A total of 242 patients were recruited and followed up for one year. The VPA reference range was determined to be 40-85 mg/L. After multivariate analysis, significant predictive variables for good control were monotherapy [adjusted OR 4.74, 95% CI: 2.258, 9.947, p<0.001], non-smoking [adjusted OR 3.23, 95% CI: 1.099, 9.473, p=0.033], normal brain imaging results [adjusted OR 5.83, 95% CI: 2.507, 13.552, p<0.001], and the absence of stress [adjusted OR 19.98, 95% CI: 9.255, 42.764, p<0.001].

Conclusion: Monotherapy, non-smoking, normal brain imaging results, and the absence of stress are predictive of good seizure control in patients on VPA. However, a serum concentration of VPA in the reference range failed to predict good seizure control.

Cite this article as: Ahmad M, Ab Rahman AF, Sapuan S. Factors Associated with Good Seizure Control in Patients on Valproic Acid. Eurasian J Med 2020; 52(1): 41-6.

EISSN 1308-8742